SUPPLEMENT TO THE ' EYANPAHA. ' NOVEMBER, 1896, FT. TOTTEN, SISTERS' SCHOOL, NOV. 1896. We have presently 115 children in the school, a large number of whom are Sioux of this reservation, the others are Chippewas from dif- ferent places. At the Fort School there are about 200 pupils, all Cath- olics with few exceptions. Quite a number of the larger girls in that school have come from White Eartl and are former pupils of the Bene- dictine Sisters at St. John, Minn., others are from Morris, Minn. The Sisters in charge of those schools having given them up for want of sufficient support by the Govern- ment. We must say, to the credit of those young girls, left, as it were to themselves they are very earnest in their efforts to practice their reli- gion and remain faithful to their ho- ly Faith. When no other opportuni- ty offers itself they avail themselves of the hour of High Mass on Sun days, to approach the Sacraments of Penance and the Holy Eucharist and thus remain fasting till noon. May God strengthen them to continue. . We have at the Sisters' School here a lot of good girls from the age of four up to 17 and of little boys from three years up to 12. Several of our children are learning music which is a great encouragement for them, and will afterwards be of great service to the Church, by be- ing able to accompany the Mass and hymns which some of the old pupils are now doing. Our children in general show good will, aptitude in learning the different branches of study and also house-work so neces- sary for them. They vie with each other to see who will have the great- est number of merits at the end of each month, in order to have their names put on the "Roll of Honor," and be able to buy some little re- compence. The weather is very cold here, it is already real winter, which makes the children look forward with an- xious but joyful hearts to the coming of good old "Santa Olaus." As Emeran says "This weather is hasten- ing the season of Christmas and New Year." However the boys have not yet all tiiev desire as they are de- prived of their favorite amusement, skating on account of the deep snow there is no means of getting around. 1 have now given you some items about our school. Next time, it will be your turn to tell us something ft- bout your schools and I know you have many interesting news to give us, but, it is very seldom we receive any letters from the school children. Why is this? We are always glad to hear from you and your letters never visit the waste basket before they are in full print. We publish one to-day from St. Francis Mission, Rose Bud Agency, for which we are very grateful. St, Francis' Mission, Rosebud Agency, S. Dak. Oct. 23, 1896. Doar Rev. Father Jerome: — Although we do not write often to the "Byanpaha," we are always very much interested in it at St. Francis Mission, Ever siDce we returned from our vaca- tion, bur minds and hands have been kept busy. The new building, contain- ing a large dormitory, recreation hall, kitchen and class-room, was about fin- ished when we returned to school, so there was a great deal of moving to be done. Then, we had to practice for a little entertainment to be given in honor of Rev. Mother Cecilia, who came here on a visit from Buffalo, and Rev. Father Superior's name's day, which comes on the 16th of October, which was cele- brated also. Now, Father, don't you think we have been diligent? Well, af- ter having a pleasant vacation of two months we were very glad to come back to school. We enjoyed ourselves very uch during vacation though in differ- ent ways. Some of the girls liked to go riding on horseback, others visiting their companions and others again loved to spend their "time in reading. One girl said that, on the 4th of July, she read from 7 o'clock in the morning till 5 o'clock in the evening. Sister said that waB a little too much. Ellen Prue telle us how she celebrated the 4th of July at her cousin's house. She bays: "In the evening we shot off some firecrackers, then Elmer got the dish-pan, went on the top of the house and began to beat it with all his might, while Eva played the accordian and I pounded tlte frying pan. Ida sat. there laughing heartily, as we could see but could not hear her, because we were making snch a noise." Now, we will tell you about tie good time we had this week. Very Rev. Oas- sidy from O'neiJ, was h< re two days ago and also visited our school. He asked ever so many questions, but we could not. answer them all. ''Have yon receiv ed the sacrament of Holy Orders?" one girl was asked. "Can you baptize a person with milk?" questioned Father Cassidy another girl, etc. Why, we were kept laughing for about 15 minutes without stopping. In the evening, 38 the bright silvery moon shone above our heads, wo gathered aroud Father Cassidy, who ashed us whether we knew what the weight of the moon is Oh! dear! wo never heard of such a thing before, so we could make no an- swer. Father Cassidy explained it to us by relating a story, which, if you do not object, we will also recount to you. It is as follows: A monk who wanted to build a monastery, but had no money, went to a lord and told him of his in- tention. "I wi'l give Ja&s half of ray estate," said the lord, "if you answer the following three questions: 'What am I worth?' 'What is the weight of the moon?' What am I thinking of?" Those were hard nuts to crack, so the lord allowed several days for reflection. On his way home the monk met an Irishman, who asked him why he looked so sad. After the monk told his story, the Irishman said: "Those are easy questions, and if you will lend me your habit I will go to the lord and answer them for you." When the time came, the Irishman went to the lord, who said to him: Well, Father, can you answer my questions?" "I think I can," replied the Irishman. "Your first question was: 'What am I worth?" The answer is; you are worth 29 pieces of silver." 'Why?'' put in the lord. "Because." said the Irishman, "our Lord was sold for 30 pieces of silver, and you are one piece less." That was right. In your second question," continued the Irish- man, "you want to know what the weight of the moon is. The weight of the moon is 1 cwt., because there are 4 quarters in the moon, and 4 quarters in a cwt." That was correct too. Lastly, said the Irishman.: "you want me to tell you what you are thinking uf. You are thinking you have that monk before you, but you have not. It is an Irish- man standing here." That was correct also, and the lord gave, half of his estate to build a monastery. Next month the boys will Write "Byanpaha." Perhaps they can tell you about our new Bishop's visit to St. Francis Mission, that is, if he comes be- fore that time. He wrote lately, that, if possible, he would come in November. We are all anxious to see him. Our good Bishop Marty is now in eter- nity, and, as we hope, enjoying everlast- ing happiness. Last May Sr. M. Rena- t-A died here. She was sent to Dakota for her health, but after being here on- ly about two months, we had to lay her in our little graveyard. It was God's holy will that she 6hould not live any- longer, so she went to Him. She was the first Sister that died here. Ibe coming month reminds us again to re- member in our prayers, those that have gone before us. Good bye. Please, Father, remember in your prayers, the Girls of St. Fbancus Mission, Bishop Marty's Heroism- On the Sunday preceding Bishop Marty's departure from this world a class of children had been sum- moned for confirmation. The eere- monv had been arranged to take place in a church nine miles distant from St. Cloud and accessible odIv by the country roads. The Bishop was urged and begged not to subject himself to the inclemency of the weather and the rigorous ride over the road. But persisting that the faithful must not be disappointed, he firmly refused to postpone the eeremonv. He was a dying man at the time: yet he gathered all his physical re- sources for one more work for God's glory, and he administered the Sa- crament. During the ceremony the strength of his arms deserted him and it became necessary- for an attendant priest to support if, whilst, the saintly minister signed the fore- heads of the children with the holy chrism and with the sign of the cross. He had grown so enfeebled that he had to be carried from the church to the rectory. That was his last episco- pal function, and a few davs after he died the death of a martvr. NOVEMBER, Saw a vision of the virgin MARY. A. Methodist Farmer Describes the Vision That Surprised Him When He Was Fishing-. Moses Depue. oi;e of the wealthiest and most staid tillers of the soil of Paha- quarry Township, B ividere. N. J., had an experience on Thuisdny of last week that caused his hail- to turn white, Mr. Depue is a deacon in the Methodist Church, superintendent of local Sun- day -school, and comes from a good, old Quale ->• family, his father having been a Colonel in the Revolutionary War. He has been treasurer of the towns! ip and member of the County Board of Freeholders, H- is a veteran fisherman, and went out early in tlie day on the Delaware River, to follow his accustomed habits. The morning was hazy and exceedingly hot, and as the old gentleman war. in tie Hut of hauling in a fine bass be heard a l> miliar liois" »[> the River. His eyes were at mice, riv ted on a scene t: at he will never forget. The following is his vprisoa of the scene; -A huge wl it ■ cloud arose apparently out of t'.e wa e.\ f rom which there emerg- ed the strains of sweet music. It floated upward icvei al hundtadUf ed to be ablaze with light. I watched it with intense interest, and seemed to be spellbound." •A very strange feeling come over me, and (he very air seemed charged with heavenly fragrance. Its strange shape form of cross, riveted me to my seat. As the cloud reached the height of about fifty feet it parted in the middle, and there, - in the centre, was the form of a be u.ifu! woman. •■Her fac, was radiaut with a strange 1 gh:. her beautiful golden hair fell in heavy rolls over her shoulders, and a S in lug crown of silver adorned her b o.v. Tne figu.e, which was of natural s«i/, •. \yas robed in a garment of white «■ ieh reached to her feet. As the ap- |.i i Aoi. arose and floated over the De- li, wa.e I heard svvcel songs and music from ove, head. >4he figure bore a striking resem Uanee to po. traits of the Virgin Mary, fj.nl was so dazz.ing in its brightness that 1 i.lac d ny bunds before my eyes.'" Wic 11 he recove.ect from his astonish- ment the Vit-i in had vanished, but the impression was so deep on his mind that C Will n ver b.« obliterated. H- burned horn., and his excited condition alarmed |ii« friends He told the story to his fa uilv, a d during the day 1 und eds of friend neighbors called at his home to learn the particulars of the remarkable vision. The old gentleman is not superstitious. Cor are his friends, but they cannot help regarding the apparition as a meal ing that they Cannot as yet fathom, '.'.he whole neighborhood is excited over the K s s p St r a i c, n i ■ A h i : \ D . 10 attention to slanderers and gossip mooters. Keep Straight mi in your course, and let the back- biting die the death of neglect.' What is the use of 3\ing awake ut nights, brooding over the remark of some false friend, that runs through rain like lightning. What is the use of getting into a worry and fret ever gossip that has been set afloat to vour disad vantage bi some meddlesome busy body who has more time than character? The things cannot possibly injure you unless you take notice of them, aud- io combatting them give standing and character. If what is said about is true, set vourself right; if it is false, let it go for what it will fetch. If a bee, sting vou would you go to the hive to destroy it? Would not a Uuuisaeu come -eon v„a? A :s w:s dom to say little respecting the in- juries you have received. We are generally lookers in the end, if we stop to refute all the back-biting and gossiping we mav hear by fcl.e way; The-, are annoying, it is true, but not dangerous, so long as we do r.ot stop to expostulate and scold. Our characters are formed and sustained bv on. selves, by our own actions and purposes, and not by others. Let us always bear in mind that 'calumnia- tors may usually be trusted to time and tie slow but steady justice of puAl.o opinum."' THE ECCLKSIASTiCAL YEAR i.\ particular. I. ClIIUSTMASTIKK. l What is the meaning of Christniastide? Purine Christmastid-i the myster- ies of the Incarnation and the birth and eh klhood of Jesus are presented for our contemplation, as prepara- tory' to our divine redemption. 2. What portion of the ecclesi- ! astical year does Christmastide ' comprise? It comprises: i Advent, as the anticipation of the feast; 2. Christ- mas Day, or the great feast itself; .'$. The days between Christmas Dav and Candlemas Dav, as it were in echo or sequence of tire grea t cele- bration. i. The Anticipation. 8. What is the meaning of Ad- vent? The season of Advent, embracing the four weeks preceding Christmas Day, represents the four thousand years during which mankind was compelled to await the advent, or coining, of the Redeemer, 4. What is the object of Advent? It should enkindle within us a de- sire for the grace of the Redeemer- and ssrve as a time of humble and penitential, preparation for the feast of his birth. 5. How does the Advent season serve to awai-en our desire for the Redeemer? By the celebration of the Rorate Mass, at the break of day, signifying the gloom of the long period during which mankind had to wait for the using Sun of justice. L his is called the Rorato Mass be- cause its Introit opens with the words: "Rorate cceli desuper, et nubes pluant justum" — Drop down dew, ye heavens, from above, and let the clouds rain the Just; let the earth be opened, and bud forth a Saviour." (Isaias xiv. 8.) 6. What means are used by the Church to incite us to pen- ance and humility? The wearing of violet vestments; the omission of all hymns of joy, for example the Gloria in Exeelsis; and especially the study of the Sun- day Epistles and Gospels, which teach and rge penance and reform- ation in our lives, 7 What feast comes in Advent? The feast of the Immaculate Con- ception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, on which the Church commemorates the truth that Mary, by special divine deoree, and bv. signal favor obtained through the merits of Jesus Christ, from the moment of her conception was preserved from the stain of ori- ginal sin. . and was full of grace, in order that she might be worthy to become the mother of the Son of God. Tne Immaculate Conception is a festi- ( val of the. first class, with an octave, aod is a day of obligation. It is the patronal feast of the United States, 1896 8. What fast-days come in Ad- vent? L The three Eruber-davs of win- ter, in the week following the third Sunday of Advent; and 2. Christmas Eve, as the immedi- ate preparitory fast for the feast. 2. Christmas Day. 9- When is Christmas Day cele- brated? Christmas Day, the commemoraton of the birth of Our Saviour, falls always on the 25th day of December. 10 Why is it called the Blessed Night? Because we celebrate on the night that was blessed and sanctified bv the birth of Jesus. 11. Why is it called Christmas? Because on that day the Church celebrates the Masses specially com- memorating the birth of Christ. 12. How does the Church cele- brate this grand and gracious fes- tival? By the celebration on that day of three Masses: the .first at midnight, . indicating the hour of Christ's birth: the Angels' Mass, at the break of day; and the Shepherds' Mass, in the full light of the sun. 13- Of what are we reminded by these three Masses? 1. Of the bodily birth of Jesus - from the Virgin Mary; 2. Of His spiritual birth in the hearts of men; and 3. Of His eternal procession from the bosom of the eternal Father. It is usual at Christmas time to repre- sent the birth of the infant Saviour by means of the so-called "crib of Bethle- hem." In 1226 St. Francis Assisi set- up the first of these cribs, for the pur- pose of increasing in the hearts of the spectators renewed love for the new- born Saviour. : The Christmas tree represents Jesus, as a fair and fruitful tree that was -to, come forth a rod «ut of the root of Jesse; that is, as the Son of David (Isaias xi. 1;) and Who through His truth, and grace of redemption became the light and sal- vation of the world. Of this light to the world, and of these fruits of salvation, we are reminded by the tapers and fruits on the Christmas tree, as well at, by the presents that are exchanged.